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 2 Samuel 7 Part Two

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Male Number of posts : 250
Age : 68
Location : Northern Arizona
Registration date : 2009-01-12

PostSubject: 2 Samuel 7 Part Two   Sun Oct 07, 2018 4:20 pm

2 Samuel 7:16

"And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever."

3 promises to David:

1. Thine house established forever
2. Thy kingdom established forever
3. Thy throne established forever

Luke 1:32b-33), indicates that these 3 terms are fulfilled in Jesus. “ … And the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end.”

“For ever”: This word conveys the ideas of and indeterminately long time or into eternity future. It does not mean that there cannot be interruptions, but rather that the outcome is guaranteed. Christ’s Davidic reign will conclude Gentile history.

This verse declares that three essential features make up the ongoing Davidic covenant:

(1) A “house” – a continued posterity;
(2) A “kingdom” – a realm of political power; and
(3) A “throne” – the rulership of that kingdom centered in David’s posterity.

Great stress is put on the “mercy” or (loving kindness), of God in maintaining this promise. (Psalm 89), reports that although individual members of the house of David may fail to appropriate fully the privileges of the covenant because of their disobedience, the covenant itself remains inviolable (Psalm 89:3-4; 19-24, 27-37). Thus, although Israel was later driven into exile, it will be re-gathered and brought back to the land so that ultimately God’s promise to Israel through the Davidic covenant will be realized in the universal rule of Messiah, David’s “seed” (Jer. 33:19-26; Ezek. 34:22-31; 36:16-38). At that time, the promises of God given in the Abrahamic, Davidic, and New covenants will be realized in full (Ezek. 37:21-28), through Christ, in whom the provisions of these three covenants come together (Matt. 26:28-29, 31-33, 54-55; Luke 1:68-78; Acts 2:29-36; 3:25-26; 15:16-17; Gal. 3:13-16; 26-29; Heb. 9:16-29; Rev. 11:15).
1 Kings 2:45 "And king Solomon [shall be] blessed, and the throne of David shall be established before the LORD for ever."
This is speaking of that never-ending kingdom that is finally established through the LORD Jesus Christ.

2 Samuel 7:17

"According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David."
All the words of this prophecy, just as they were delivered to Nathan, were exactly expressed by him; he did not vary from them in the least, but with the greatest faithfulness related them.
"So did Nathan speak unto David": Though in the part which related to the history of the house of God, it was contrary to the advice which he had given earlier; but he was not ashamed to retract his sense, when he was made acquainted with the mind of God.
These words of Nathan, which were actually Words of the LORD through Nathan, encouraged David in several ways. God would allow the temple that David wanted to be built. David would not build it, however. It would be built by his son, Solomon. The kingdom of David would be an everlasting kingdom through Jesus Christ.

Verses 18-29: The extension of the covenant to David and his household (7:12-16), elicited this beautiful prayer of thanksgiving to God. David prayed for God’s reputation to be praised for all generations through His work in the nation of Israel (see 1 Chronicles 17:16-27). David prayed with awe and thanksgiving over God’s sovereign claim to bestow the divine blessing on his seed and nation.

2 Samuel 7:18

"Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who [am] I, O Lord GOD? and what [is] my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?"
“Sat before the Lord”: i.e., before the Ark of the Covenant in the temporary tent.
“Who am I …?” David was overwhelmed by the Lord’s promise that He would bring His kingdom through David’s seed. In verses 18-29, David referred to himself 10 times as “Your servant” (verses 19:20-21, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29), acknowledging his God-given title, “My servant David” (verse 5).
David never stops being humble before the LORD. David is truly overwhelmed by the promises from the LORD spoken to him through Nathan. David actually stayed for a while before the LORD, is what the sitting means. We know that Solomon would kneel before the altar of the LORD with both of his hands raised in praise, when he dedicated the temple. I would assume he learned this humbleness from David.

2 Samuel 7:19

"And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And [is] this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?"
“A great while to come”: David recognized that the Lord had spoken about the distant future, not only about his immediate descendant, Solomon.
“The manner of man”: Literally “and this is the law of man.” The idea is that God’s covenant promise is for an eternal kingdom, whereby the whole world of man shall be blessed, through the coming seed of David. The Davidic Covenant is thus a grant, conferring powers, rights, and privileges to David and his seed for the benefit of mankind, a promise that left David speechless (verses 20-22).
A grateful David realizes that “God” has established “the manner of man” (or mankind), in David’s line. It was nothing less than the basic prescription for the ordering of man’s destiny through David, a privilege and responsibility that he humbly acknowledges and to which he gladly submits (23:2-5; Psalms 2:7-12; 110). For David’s beautiful prayer (verses 18-29, see 1 Chron. 17:16-27).
Whatever the LORD says is an absolute truth and David is aware of that. David is also, very aware that the eternal blessing he had heard is not an earthly blessing at all, but is a heavenly blessing on the house of David. This is not difficult for the LORD, but it is a major thing in the sight of David.

2 Samuel 7:20

"And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant."
In a way of self-abasement or thankfulness for such wonderful favors or in prayer for more and other mercies, he wants words, as if he should say, to express his sense of his own nothingness and unworthiness, and to praise the Lord for all his benefits. And so large are the grants and promises made, that there is no room for him to ask for more.
"For thou, Lord God, knowest thy servant”: What a sense he has of his own meanness and vileness, what gratitude his heart is filled with, and what his wants and necessities are, which God only can supply, and does abundantly, even more than he is able to ask or think. The Targum is, "and thou hast performed the petition of thy servant, O Lord God”.
This is true of all mankind. The LORD knows what is in our hearts, sometimes, even better than we know ourselves. David knows there is no need to try to explain to the LORD how he feels. The LORD already knows.

2 Samuel 7:21

"For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know [them]."
For the sake of the promise he had made to him by Samuel that he should be king, and his kingdom should be established. Or for the sake of the Messiah, that should spring from him; the Word, as the Targum, the essential Word of God. And so the Septuagint version, "because of thy servant", with which agrees the parallel text (in 1 Chronicles 17:19).
"And according to thine own heart": Of his own sovereign good will and pleasure, of his own grace, as the Arabic version, and not according to the merits and deserts of David.
"Hast thou done all these great things": In making him king of Israel, and settling the kingdom in his posterity to the times of the Messiah, who should spring from him.
"To make thy servant know them": As he now did by Nathan the prophet. What he and his should enjoy for time to come; so that it is not only a blessing to have favors designed, purposed, and promised, but to have the knowledge of them, to know the things that are freely given of God.
The following Scripture tells exactly how God feels about His Word.
Psalms 138:2 "I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name."
David has weaknesses, just like all of us. The reason that the LORD has chosen to do this through David is, because of God's love, and not David's goodness.

2 Samuel 7:22

"Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for [there is] none like thee, neither [is there any] God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears."
Compare (1 Chronicles 17:17). Our passage may be thus understood: But this is the law (or prerogative), of a great man to found dynasties which are to last into the far future. David expresses his astonishment that he, of such humble birth, and one so little in his own eyes, should not only be raised to the throne, but be assured of the perpetuity of the succession in his descendants, as if he were a man of high degree.
David knows of the greatness of the LORD. He has been protective of David in every danger. He found David a little shepherd boy and made him a king. David made mistakes, as we all do, but he had a heart that was stayed upon God.
1 Kings 8:23 "And he said, LORD God of Israel, [there is] no God like thee, in heaven above, or on earth beneath, who keepest covenant and mercy with thy servants that walk before thee with all their heart:"

2 Samuel 7:23

"And what one nation in the earth [is] like thy people, [even] like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, [from] the nations and their gods?"
And... Judah and all the other tribes made this one nation in David's time and they will also make the one nation when Ez. 37:11-28 is fulfilled at the 2nd advent of Christ.

Went to... 3 great purposes of God:

1. Redemption of Israel (vs.23)
2. To make Himself a name
3. Perform great and terrible things for His people and their land

“Thy people … thy land”: David is remembering aspects of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen. Chapters 12, 15, 17).
“Israel” (in verses 18-21), David praised the Lord for His favor to him. In (verses 22-24), David praised the Lord for the favor shown to the nation of Israel (Deut. 7:6-11).
David is looking back when there was no nation of Israel. There was a family of Jacob in bondage to an Egyptian Pharaoh. They had no hope left. The LORD sent Moses and the ten plagues, and freed the house of Jacob from bondage in Egypt. They were made the nation of Israel during their wilderness wanderings. God gave His law to them. The blessings of God were upon them. All he wanted from them was for them to put away false gods and be faithful to Him. Over and over in the Bible, the LORD is spoken of as the LORD God of Israel. They were His chosen people.

2 Samuel 7:24

"For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel [to be] a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God."
Confirmed... Eternal nation. This nation will consist of the 12 tribes of Israel and the priests and Levites, eternally (vs. 24; Isa. 9:6-7; 59:21; Lk. 1:32-33).The entire nation is as eternal as the house, throne, and kingdom of David—not merely the 10-tribe part of the nation.
So long as they were obedient to him, and observed his laws and statutes, and abode by his worship and ordinances, otherwise he would write a "lo-Ammi" (you are not my children), on them, as he has (see Hosea 1:9).
"And thou, Lord, art become their God; their covenant God, they having affirmed him to be their God, and he having affirmed them to be his people (Deut. 26:17).

The original promise was made to Abraham. God keeps His Word. God honored His covenant with Abraham through physical Israel and the Church and all Old Testament belivers (Christians). The gates of hell shall not prevail against them(Christians).
Galatians 3:29 "And if ye [be] Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise."

2 Samuel 7:25

"And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish [it] for ever, and do as thou hast said."
“The word ... hast spoken” (in verses 25-29), David prayed for the fulfillment of the divine promise spoken to him.
This is like David saying "Amen", so be it. He is pleased that the LORD has chosen to do this. He does not understand why God has chosen to do this through his lineage, but he is pleased and believes that it will happen, because God said it.

Do as thou... 5 great requests of David:

1. Do as You have said (vs. 23)
2. Let Your name be magnified forever (vs. 26)
3. Let my house be established before You
4. Let it please You to bless my house that it may continue forever before You (vs. 29)
5. Let my house be blessed forever, according to Your word

Verses 26-29: “Thy words be true”: David’s prayer indicated that he fully accepted by faith the extraordinary, irrevocable promises God made to David as king and to Israel as a nation.

2 Samuel 7:26

"And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts [is] the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee."
David desired the performance of the above things not so much for his own sake, and for the sake of his family, as for the glory of God. His great concern was, that God might be magnified, and his greatness displayed, in making him and his family great. And particularly that he might be magnified and glorified in that famous Son of his; the Messiah as he has been (John 13:31). And by all his people in the succeeding ages.
"Saying, the Lord of hosts is the God over Israel": The Lord of armies above and below, is God over all, and in a special and peculiar manner God over Israel, literal and spiritual, that takes care of them, supplies, protects, and defends them.
"And let the house of thy servant David be established before thee": As he had promised (2 Sam. 7:16).
Great is the LORD and greatly to be praised. David is saying, let it be. David has decided for himself that he will forever magnify the name of the LORD. The desire of every Christian is that all of their children, grandchildren, and so on will know the Lord and trust Him. David is thrilled that his ancestry will follow the Lord the same as he has done.

2 Samuel 7:27

"For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee a house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee."
As He is called (in 2 Sam. 7:26).
"Hast revealed to thy servant", which he otherwise could not have known.
"Saying, I will build thee a house" (see 2 Sam. 7:11).
"Therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee": Found his heart disposed to this service, or found freedom and boldness in him to put up this prayer to God. What encouraged and emboldened him to do it was the gracious promise of God that he would build up his family, and establish his kingdom. Or otherwise he could not have taken such liberty, and used such boldness with God in prayer, as to have requested it of him.
David is so pleased that the LORD has told him all of this and now, he has found courage to pray, that all the LORD said would be true. He would have felt presumptions praying for such a wonderful thing, had the LORD not revealed to him that it would happen.

2 Samuel 7:28

"And now, O Lord GOD, thou [art] that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:"
The promises of God are the true guide to the prayers of His people. We may dare to ask anything, how great whatsoever it may be, which God has promised to give. In this and the two following verses David expresses the same wonder at the riches of God's grace, and the same expectation founded on that grace (which Paul does in such passages as Eph. 1:5-7; 2:7).
This is David speaking confidently that the LORD, He is God. He knows beyond a shadow of doubt, that the LORD is Truth and His Word is True. David is saying, "Lord you said it, and I know all these good things are true".

2 Samuel 7:29

"Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken [it]: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever."
Not according to the merits of him or his family, but according to the sovereign will and pleasure of God; the Targum is, begin and bless. Let the promised blessings begin to descend, that there may be some appearance of the performance of the promise, which may give encouragement that the whole will be fulfilled.
"That it may continue for ever before thee”: Under his care and protection.
"For thou, O Lord God, hast spoken it": Whose words never fall to the ground, but have a sure accomplishment.
"And with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever": Even both with temporal and spiritual blessedness.
David is praying that the LORD will not regret placing this wonderful blessing on him. We see a very positive statement from David that he believes the LORD will do, just as He has said. Notice the word "now". David says, "let the blessings begin". We all feel that way. True Christians now are crying out, "Lord Jesus, come quickly". We want to be blessed also.
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2 Samuel 7 Part Two
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