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 Revelation Chapter 13

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PostSubject: Revelation Chapter 13   Fri Jun 30, 2017 7:19 pm


The Beast Out of the Sea

"And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy. And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority. And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast. And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him? And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months. And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven" (Rev. 13:1-6).

It is proclaimed that the pronoun “I” of Revelation 13:1 is Satan speaking, but such a theory is false because John is referred to forty times before this and thirty-five times after this by the same pronoun. Such would contradict the plain language of the rest of the passage which shows that John is the one seeing the vision. Revelation 13 gives the effects upon earth of the casting out of Satan.

First let us examine this passage to see what it has to say about the beast out of the sea. This is a symbol and must be treated as such. For the explanation of the beast with its heads, horns, crowns, names of blasphemy, feet, head wound to death, etc. we will see more of in chapter 17.
The sea is symbolic of peoples, Dan. 7:2-3; Rev. 17:1, 15. The beast in Revelation refers to a rise of a kingdom, and more particularly to the Antichrist, the earthly head of this kingdom. It also symbolizes a supernatural spirit out of the abyss, as we shall see later. Beasts as symbols symbolize either the kingdom or king (Dan. 2:38,39; 7:2-7 with 7:17, 23), as well as supernatural powers which control the kingdom. The personal Antichrist, his power, source of power, worship, mouth, exaltation, wars, characteristics, titles, reign, length of reign, etc., are the subject of this passage. They are briefly dealt with as follows:

1. Who is he? At the present time 2017 this question cannot be answered. The question is unsolved and will be until the Antichrist personally makes the covenant with Israel for seven years, Dan. 9:27.
2. From where does he come? This question is fully answered in the book of Daniel. In Dan. 2 and 7 we have two visions that cover the Gentile world powers from Daniel's day to the second coming of Christ. The “head of gold” on the image (Dan. 2:32, 35, 38) and the “lion” (Dan. 7:4,12,17) symbolize Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar's kingdom (Dan. 2:37-38; Jer. 15:4; 24:9; 25:11,12; 29:18). The “breast and arms of silver” on the image (Dan. 2:32, 35, 39) and the “bear” (Dan. 7:5,12,17) symbolize Medo-Persia, which followed Babylon in the punishment of Israel (Dan. 2:39; 5:24-31; 6:1-28; 8:1-4, 20; 10:1-20; 11:1-3; 2 Chron. 36:22; Ezra. 1:1-3). The “belly and thighs of brass” on the image (Dan. 2:39) and the “leopard” (Dan. 7:6, 12, 17) symbolize the Old Grecian Empire of Alexander the Great that followed Medo-Persia in the times of the Gentiles (Dan. 2:39; 8:20-21; 11:1-4). The “legs of iron” on the image (Dan. 2:33-35, 40) and the nondescript “beast” (Dan. 7:7,8, 17-27) symbolize the Old Roman Empire that followed the Grecian Empire and its four divisions in the persecution of Israel (Dan. 2:40; 7:23-25; 9:26; Lk. 2:1; Jhn. 11:48; Mt. 24:1,2. The “feet and toes” of iron and clay on the image (Dan. 2:33-35, 41-44) and “the ten horns” on the nondescript beast (Dan. 7:8, 20-24) symbolize ten kings who will head ten separate governments from the separate capitols inside the Old Roman Empire in the days of the second coming of Christ (Dan. 2:31-44; 7:23-25; Rev. 12:3; 13:1-4; 17:8-17). Men call these ten kingdoms the Revised Roman Empire, but to technical, there is no such thing as the Roman Empire being revived. This would require the old Roman territory to be formed into one empire again and be ruled by one man from Rome, but this the Bible does not teach. It teaches ten kingdoms inside this territory instead of one empire (Dan. 2:44; 7:23,24; Rev. 17:8-17). It would be best to call these ten kingdoms the “Revised Roman Empire” due to the fact that they will be formed inside the old Roman territory, but there will be ten kingdoms instead of one empire as is generally taught.
Daniel did not see a little toe growing out of the ten toes in Dan. 2, but in Dan. 7 he did see a “little horn” growing out of the ten horns, which plucked up three of the ten horns by the roots (Dan. 7:7,Cool. This is explained in Dan. 7:23,24 as follows: “The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon the earth(the old Roman Empire, which followed Babylon, Medo-Persia, and Greece from Daniel's day on), which shall be diverse from all kingdoms . . . the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first (the ten), and he shall subdue three kings (of the ten).” This will give him four of the ten kings. The other six of the ten will agree to give their power to this little horn and he will then form the eighth kingdom of Rev. 17:8-17.
It is clear that this “little horn” arises “after” the ten kingdoms and not “before” them and that he does not have anything to do with the rise of the ten kingdoms. He does not come until “after” they are fully formed and exist for a “short space,” Dan. 7:8; Rev. 17:9-11. The “little horn” as well as the “ten horns” are all yet future, for in Rev. 13:1-8; 17:9-17 it is clear that the ten kings give their power and kingdom to the beast for forty-two months and together they will fight against Christ at Armageddon.
In Dan. 8 we have a vision of a ram and an he-goat. The ram symbolizes Medo-Persia the same as the silver in the image of Dan. 2 and the bear of Dan. 7. The he-goat symbolizes the Grecian Empire the same as the brass in the image of Dan. 2 and the leopard of Dan. 7. The he-goat had a notable horn between its eyes, which was broken off, and in its place grew four horns and “out of one of them came forth the little horn.” The interpretation of these things is given as follows: “The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the (two) kings of Media and Persia. And the rough goat is the king (kingdom) of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king (Alexander the Great who founded the old Grecian Empire). Now that being broken off (Alexander having died), whereas four stood up for it (that is, four horns grew on the he-goat instead of the great horn), four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation (the Grecian Empire shall be divided into four kingdoms), but not in his (Alexander's) power. And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up (that is, the little horn shall come out of one of these four divisions of Greece in the last days of the existence of these four kingdoms) . . . “He shall also stand up against the Prince of princes (Jesus Christ); but he shall be broken without hand” by Christ at His second advent. These four divisions of Greece would be known today as Greece, Turkey, Syria, and Egypt. Four of Alexanders generals divided his empire after his death. Cassander took Greece and Macedon, Lysimachus took Asia Minor or present Turkey and Thrace, Seleucus took Syria and Babylonia, and Ptolemy took Egypt.
In Dan. 8:9 it is definitely stated that “the little horn” will come from one of the four horns, “out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south (Egypt), and toward the east (Syria and Babylonia), and toward the pleasant land (Palestine).” This verse is interpreted in verse 23 as “in the latter time of their kingdom (the existence of Greece, Turkey, Syria, and Egypt), when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up” and fight against “the Prince of princes” at His second advent.
The purpose of Dan. 8 over Dan. 7 is to narrow down the coming of the Antichrist geographically from the ten kingdoms of the future Revised Roman Empire to four of the ten kingdoms, and reveal that Antichrist will come from either Greece, Turkey, Syria or Egypt. We must now forget any place outside the four divisions of the old Grecian Empire as being the place from which Antichrist must come. He will come from one of these four divisions of Greece and will overthrow the other three, thus reviving the Grecian Empire, which will become the eighth or leopard kingdom of Rev. 13:1-18; 17: 1-17.
In Dan. 11 we have a vision of wars between two of the four divisions of the Grecian Empire, Syria, and Egypt, which were fought over a period of about 150 years, ending with Antiochus Epiphanes who reigned about 165 B.C. Then the prophet skips over to the end time and pictures the last war between Syria and Egypt, with the result that Syria will finally overthrow Egypt. Egypt is called “the king of the south” and Syria “the king of the north” in this vision.
Daniel 11:36-12:13 definitely identifies the Antichrist as “the king of the north” (Syria) at “the time of the end.” The whole purpose of the vision was to show “what shall befall thy people (Israel) in the latter days” (Dan. 10:14). The purpose of the vision over Dan. 7 and 8 is to narrow down the coming of the Antichrist geographically from the ten kingdoms of Dan. 7, and from the four kingdoms of Dan. 8 to the one kingdom of Dan. 11, the Syrian division of the old Grecian Empire, thus teaching that the Antichrist will come from Syria at the end time. If the whole vision of Dan. 11 concerns only Egypt and Syria showing the latter-day war between them with the result that Egypt will be finally overthrown by Syria, then it proves that he will come from Syria and not from Egypt, Greece or Turkey, the other three divisions of the old Grecian Empire. “The king of the north” is the same as the “little horn” of Dan. 7 and 8, “the prince that shall come” of Dan. 9:26,27, “the son of perdition” and “man of sin” of 2 Thes. 2:1-12, and “the beast” of Rev. 13, as proven by the following:

(1) All do according to their will for the same length of time, Dan. 7:25; 8:24; 11:36; 2 Thes. 2:10-12; Rev. 13:5-7.
(2) All will exalt themselves above every god, Dan. 7:25; 8:25; 11:36,37; 2 Thes. 2:4; Rev. 13:1-18.
(3) All are conquerors in the same territory at the same time, Dan. 7:8, 20-24; 8:23-25; 11:40-45; Rev. 13:1-18.
(4) All come out of the ten kingdoms of Revised Rome and get power over the ten kingdoms and reign over them until all of them are destroyed at Armageddon, Dan. 7:7, 8, 23, 24; 8:9, 22-25; 11:40-45; Rev. 13:1-4; 17:9-17; 19:19-21.
(5) All change the times and the laws for a time, Dan. 7:11, 21-27; 8:22-25; 11:35-45; 12:7; 2 Thes. 2:1-13; Rev. 13:1-8.
(6) All reign “until” the second coming of Christ, Dan. 2:44; 7:11-14, 18, 21-26; 8:23-25; 9:27; 11:36-45; 12:7-13; 2 Thes. 2:8-12; Rev. 17:9-17; 19:19-21.
3. When is he to be revealed or when is he due to come into prominence in world affairs? This question is also clearly answered in Scripture:
(1) In Dan. 7:24, we have definite proof that Antichrist cannot be revealed and be prominent in world affairs, until after the ten kingdoms are formed inside the Roman Empire, as seen above. According to this verse, the ten kingdoms must first be formed and exist for some time as the seventh kingdom or Revised Rome. The Antichrist will arise and gain the whole ten in the first three and one-half years of the Week. By the middle of the Week he will be seen as the beast of Rev. 13 coming out of the sea of humanity already with the seven heads and ten horns, which he will have conquered before the middle of the Week. His coming out of the sea in the middle of the Week will be simply the recognition of his power by the ten kingdoms and his acceptance of them from the ten kings and the dragon, Rev. 13:2-4; 17:12-17. This verse further teaches, because of his rise out of the ten kingdoms, that he is to come out of obscurity and that his rise to power will be quick. Daniel saw the “little horn” rising so suddenly among the ten that he was bewildered about it, Dan. 7:7-8, 19-24. Therefore, no man can determine definitely who the Antichrist will be until after the ten kingdoms are formed.
(2) The Antichrist cannot be revealed until after the rapture, as proven in 2 Thes. 2:6-8.
4. How long is he to reign? He will reign over one of the ten kingdoms from the beginning of the Week, but he will reign over all the ten kingdoms only the last three and one-half years, Rev. 13:5; Dan. 7:25; 12:7. It is in these last three and one-half years that he will exalt himself above every god to be worshiped by all, Rev. 13:4-18; Dan. 8:25; 11:36-45; 2 Thes. 2:4.

The Extent of the Antichrist's Reign

"And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. If any man have an ear, let him hear. He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints" (Rev. 13:7-10).

The question often arises, 'Will the Antichrist have power over all kindreds, tongues, and nations, and will all that dwell upon the earth worship him?” It is generally answered as yes, but that depends upon what is meant by the word “all.” If it means “all” in the most inclusive sense and indicates every individual in the known world today, we can say that he will not have this power. However, if it is taken to mean the ”all” that God has in mind – the ten kingdoms that comprise the Roman Empire – then we can say that the word “all” means “all” in a more limited sense, or as far as a decree is concerned.
Where is he to reign? During part of the last three and one-half years he will reign in Jerusalem “in the glorious holy mountain” where the temple will be rebuilt, Dan. 11:45. He will sit “in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God,” 2 Thes. 2:4. This temple is where the abomination of desolation will be placed, Dan. 9:27; 12:7-13; Mt. 24:15-22; Rev. 11:1,2; 13:12-18. Babylon and not Rome, will be his place of reign until then, as we see later.
The power of the Antichrist will come from Satan, the spirit of the abyss, and the ten kings. His power has already been decreed of God, who will see that it is duly given him. It is God who will permit Satan and his agents to give their power to the beast and inspire him in his evil designs, Dan. 8:24; 2 Thes. 2:8-12; Rev. 13:1,2. It is God who will put it into the hearts of the ten kings to give him their power for the purpose of destroying Mystical Babylon, Rev. 17:12-17. It is the satanic prince out of the abyss (Rev. 11:7; 17:Cool who is the executive of Satan's power to the beast and who will inspire and back the Antichrist in all his diabolical activities, as we will see later. Satan will give to Antichrist what he offered Christ. Antichrist will accept it; Christ did not.
We have seen in both Testaments that God used universal terms in speaking of the extent of certain kingdoms and the power of certain kings. We have also seen that these terms express that only a great part of the earth was ruled by these kings and empires, so we must conclude that the extent of the Antichrist's kingdom and power could likewise be limited to a part of the world as we have seen in Rev. 13 and not the whole world, Ref. Dan. 7:7,8, 17-27; 11:40-45.

The Beast Out of the Earth

"And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon. And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men, And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live. And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed. And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six" (Rev. 13:11-18).

The above individual, or second beast, is mentioned here for the first time and all that is given concerning him in the Bible is recorded in Revelation. He is called “the false prophet” (Greek, pseudoprophetes) in Rev. 16:13; 19:20; 20:10, which are the only other passages that mention him. He is to be a prophet, but a false one; a prophet of Antichrist, not of Christ. In Rev. 16:13 he is seen with the beast (1st) and dragon as sending forth the demon spirits to gather the nations to Armageddon. In Rev. 19:20 he is seen as being the miracle – working co – laborer and leader of the nations along with the first beast as he comes against Christ at Armageddon. The doom of this second beast will be torment in the Lake of Fire forever along with the first beast, dragon,and all rebellious creatures, Rev. 20:10. The facts concerning him and his ministry in Rev. 13:11-18 are:

1. He is seen coming on the scene of action by John after the vision of the first beast, Rev. 13:11. He is called “another” beast from Greek allos, meaning “another of the same kind,” denoting numerical distinction; the second of two where there may be more, as in Mt. 10:23; Jhn. 18:15. Therefore, this beast is the second one in this chapter and cannot possibly be the same as the first beast of Rev. 13:1-10.
2. This beast is seen coming up “out of the earth,” Rev. 13:11. The word “earth” is the same as “world” in Rev. 12:3 and “earth” in Rev. 13:12. Here it symbolizes the peoples on the earth, as in Dan. 7:1-7. The word “sea” is also used in symbolic sense of peoples in Rev. 13:1; 17:1, 15. The phrase “out of the earth” is the same in meaning as “out of the sea,” as is proven by a similar construction in Dan. 7:3, 17 where four beasts came up “out of the sea” and in the interpretation they are stated to be four kingdoms coming up “out of the earth.” The beasts symbolize two natural men as the sea and earth symbolize peoples. They are yet future and will be born and live a natural life like all other men and rise in power out of the peoples of the earth to carry out their intended mission of these prophecies in the will of God.
3. The second beast has two horns making him look like a lamb, but he speaks as a dragon. His lamb-like appearance will make him a fit man for his office, thus causing him to be looked upon as a wonderful prophet and man of religion. Combined with this lamb-like appearance will be his dragon or serpent-like deceiving speech. This, and a few miracles, will complete his method of deception. The expression “spake as a dragon” should best read “was speaking as a dragon” showing that when John saw him coming out of the mass of humanity he was speaking and that was one of the most conspicuous things about him.
4. He will exercise all of the power of the first beast before him and cause the earth to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound will be healed, Rev. 13:12. He will be the executive of the Antichrist and exercise Satan's power, which will be given to the first beast, Rev. 13:2-4; 2 Thes. 2:8-12. The length of the existence of this second beast in power is not stated, but he is not to rise until after the first beast does, so it cannot be for more than three and one-half years. He will exercise this power “before” or in the presence of the Antichrist. He is never mentioned apart from the Antichrist, so it must be that the two will work in close union and perhaps withstand the two witnesses, as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses in power and miracles, 2 Tim. 3:8.
5. “He doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire to come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men,” Rev. 13:13. The purpose of these signs wrought by the false prophet is to deceive men to accept the Antichrist as God. He “deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast (1st), Rev. 13:14. Satan has continually deceived the whole world (Rev. 12:9), but here he has planned the worst deception ever known, which is to be permitted by God, because men receive not the love of the truth that they might be saved, 2 Thes. 2:8-12; Rev. 9:20-21; 13:3, 12-18; 14:9; 16:2; 1 Tim. 4:1-3. He will deceive and use these signs to impress his deception, for miracles alone are no complete and definite proof of a divine mission. Just as the Lord's signs were for the purpose of impressing the people and causing them to ponder, so these will also be to impress those who may not be ready to believe in the beast.
6. He will tell the earth-dwellers to make an image to the first beast. The image will be made and set in the temple of God to be worshiped, Mt. 24:15. He will have the power to give life to this image that it should both speak and cause all who will not worship it to be killed. This will be a wonderful sign in itself; that a material image should be given power to speak and act, Rev. 13:14,15.
7. The second beast will cause all classes to receive a mark in their right hands or in their foreheads, that no man might buy or sell except those that have it, Rev. 13:16-18. This will result in the martyrdom of most of the “great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations,” Rev. 7:9-17; 13:7; 14:13; 15:2,3; 20:4. In the worship of the first beast and his image, men will be so devoted as to say, “Who is like unto the beast? Who is able to make war with him?” Showing perhaps the worship to be both political and religious, Rev. 13:4. It will not be a willing worship on the part of many, for force will be used to make them worship. The worship will be of such an apostate nature as to pronounce eternal doom to all who partake, Rev. 14:9-11.

The three brands that followers of the Antichrist may choose are:

(1) “A mark,” or in the Greek “the mark.” What kind of mark it will be is not revealed, but it is to a literal mark in the flesh, Rev. 13:16; 14:9. Perhaps it will be the emblem of the kingdom of the Antichrist.
(2) “The name of the beast”; i.e., of the first beast, Rev. 13:17. His name is not found in Scripture (personal name given at birth), so it cannot be known.
(3) “The number of his name,” Rev. 13:17-18; 15:2. This will be “the number of a man.” There are many Greek and Hebrew names that have a numerical value of 666. This is especially true of foreign names which are transliterated into Greek or Hebrew. There is no hidden meaning to the number, for the very expression “Here is wisdom” (native insight, understanding) shows that it is easy to understand, for it is given here as 666 and anyone can understand this. The brands of the beast cannot be taken until the last three and one-half years of this age, or in the great tribulation. Those who take any of these brands will be doomed to eternal hell forever, and in this life, will be plagued by the vial plagues, Rev. 14:9-11; 16:1-21. No man will ever know what the mark or the name of the beast will be until after he comes, which will be after the rapture of the Church and after the ten kingdoms are formed inside the old Roman Empire, as we have seen in Rev.13.

No Satanic Trinity

In the sense of making Satan the opposite of God, the Father, in work and position, the Antichrist the opposite of Jesus Christ as to birth, incarnation, life, work, death, and resurrection, and the false prophet the opposite of the Holy Spirit as the executive of Satan and Antichrist, there is no teaching of such a parallel in the Bible. But, in regard to these three persons being three separate and distinct persons, about this there is no question, for it is plainly shown in all of the Revelation where they are mentioned, Rev. 12:3, 7-17; 13:1-18; 16:13-16; 19:20; 20:1-10. There is no basis for, and no need for such speculation as a satanic trinity, and it certainly is no explanation of any detail of the book of Revelation.

Mystery Babylon Destroyed

It is at this particular time in the fulfillment of the Revelation that the ten kings will turn on the great whore of Rev. 17 and destroy her and give their kingdoms to the beast (Antichrist) for the last three and one-half years of this age (great tribulation) (Rev. 17:12-17), so that the Antichrist can be worshiped as God in the temple of God at Jerusalem, Dan. 9:27; 12:7; Mt. 24:15; 2 Thes. 2:3-12; Rev. 13:1-18; 14:9-11; 15:2; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4-6. Antichrist could never be the sole object of worship in the last forty-two months or 1,260 days of this age until Mystery Babylon, the great whore, is destroyed. Since he is to be worshiped at this time, then it has to be that her destruction, as stated in Rev. 17:12-17, will take place at this particular time, that is, in the middle of the Week, Daniel's Seventieth Week.
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